A Zimbabwe National Venture Capital fund, industry and youth entrepreneurship

A Zimbabwe National Venture Capital fund, industry and youth entrepreneurship
Published: 03 September 2018 (391 Views)
Zimbabwe is on the brink of a new era of innovation and economic activity. Our government's greatest task will be to promote small and medium-sized enterprises and to unlock the creativity and productivity of the population. This will require specific policy decisions supportive of entrepreneurship and business development.
 
In a credit constrained environment such as Zimbabwe, it is not easy for businesses to secure "patient capital" such as equity finance. On the contrary, banks are only able to supply debt capital in the form of short-term overdraft facilities, which require collateral. Collateral may not be easy to present. One can not successfully re-equip businesses and start new business ventures in Zimbabwe on the back of short-term overdraft facilities. Even worse, enterprising youth with brilliant ideas do not have easy access to such bank finance as they lack the necessary collateral and a credit record.
 
We need to develop sources of equity funding, real "patient capital". This could be done by creating a National Venture Capital Fund. The Fund could be set up with equity contributions from domestic banks, insurance and pension funds, and international development institutions such as FMO (Dutch), KfW (Germany), among others. The Zimbabwe Government will be an orchestrator and retain a minor equity position so as to contribute to investment policy and remove bottlenecks. In essence, the Fund would be a form of public-private-partnership (PPP).
 
A National Venture Capital Fund could be designed so that it could take equity in businesses and support them in their business development, such as helping the industry to acquire new equipment. For example, for those businesses that are exporting, the Fund could partner with trade finance institutions such as Trade and Development Bank (former PTA bank), Afreximbank and African Development Bank. These institutions offer trade finance facilities and would be excellent equity partners. Jobs creation can then begin to happen again in the industry sector, as companies seek to expand and export.
 
In its asset allocation, the Fund could also target the Youth. In fact, 30% of the portfolio of the Fund, as an example, could target businesses being driven by the Youth, in order obviate the need for collateral for access to finance. As part of the Youth entrepreneurship support objective, the Fund could also spearhead the creation of a "Entrepreneurship Ecosystem". When I was Dean of Wits Business School, Wits University, I created a Centre of Entrepreneurship for training youth on entrepreneurships skills, for providing a mentorship program from experienced and retired entrepreneurs, access to an angel-investor network, and access to incubation services. Basically, a young entrepreneur would receive training up to the point of completing a business plan, then they would be sent to an incubator where they have access to capital from the Fund and banks, and access to angel investors, and mentorship. In South Africa, I also partnered with municipalities, who then gave the young entrepreneurs business procurement opportunities in order to help kick-start these businesses. One of the universities such as University of Zimbabwe or NUST could set up a Centre of Entrepreneurship, which will also deepen capacity within the academic institution, which will then offer the necessary training certificate for the Youth. Incubation services and mentorship programs would be created for "entrepreneurship ecosystem".
 
There are many policies that Government can pursue to support the development of small and medium-sized businesses in Zimbabwe, which in turn support the creativity of the Youth and the population at large through
job creation and entrepreneurship.

Professor Mthuli Ncube is a financial, economics, investment, and public policy expert. He has vast experience and worked in the private sector, public sector, academia, and international financial institutions. He is the Former Vice President and Chief Economist, African Development Bank Prof Ncube is a Board Member of the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF) based in London, and with offices in US and Asia. OMFIF provides support and advisory services to Central Banks around the world and pension funds and other investors on monetary policy, macro-policy, investments and financial markets. He is a citizen of Zimbabwe.

- Professor Mthuli Ncube

 0

You May Like These Videos

Comments

There are no comments.

Latest stories

Coltart defends Jonathan Moyo...fingers Chinamasa and Mnangagwa

by Mandla Ndlovu | 23 April 2019 | 108 Views

Harare City Council left with 100 million litres of water

by Mandla Ndlovu | 23 April 2019 | 70 Views

What can new league learn from the Australian NRL?

by Staff Writer | 23 April 2019 | 50 Views

The three biggest lottery wins in South Africa

by Staff Writer | 23 April 2019 | 72 Views

Of the Zimbabwe bird and political ignoramuses

by Nobleman Runyanga | 23 April 2019 | 94 Views

Call to arrest August 1 killer soldiers

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 128 Views

Mnangagwa's Zanu-PF to amend constitution

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 115 Views

Mliswa attacks journalists

by Mandla Ndlovu | 23 April 2019 | 81 Views

PHOTOS: Strive Masiyiwa meets Botswana President

by Mandla Ndlovu | 23 April 2019 | 102 Views

Mr Selo Nare's "Justice" must be Real Justice.

by Bhobha Mazhandu | 23 April 2019 | 66 Views

Jonathan Moyo fires shots at Mnangagwa

by Mandla Ndlovu | 23 April 2019 | 144 Views

POSA replacement Bill gazetted

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 72 Views

Fake money backfires

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 106 Views

WATCH: Historic ZITF opens

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 85 Views

Madlela to share stage with Shwi, Freddy in SA

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 62 Views

Border jumper jailed for stealing wheelchair

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 67 Views

Banks move to arrest card cloning incidents

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 90 Views

Family whips granny to death over witchcraft

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 75 Views

Triangle break Madinda's heart

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 83 Views

Zec warms up for 2023 polls

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 73 Views

Man fined for exposing genitals to minors

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 72 Views

Dembare fans demand coach's head

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 69 Views

Mnangagwa moves to slash bread price

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 115 Views

MDC congress: Does real democracy exist?

by Learnmore Zuze | 23 April 2019 | 57 Views

Easter Holiday accidents kill 24

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 62 Views

Of market forces and price hikes

by newZWire | 23 April 2019 | 69 Views

MDC seeks to close ranks in Bulawayo

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 65 Views

Mnangagwa, Chamisa to meet at Tsvangirai memorial?

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 117 Views

6 000 delegates for MDC congress

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 57 Views

War vets call for unity as economy bites

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 68 Views

Price madness: Manufacturers blame retailers

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 61 Views

Mnangagwa warned of brewing unrest

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 82 Views

Zanu-PF, war vets in fresh row

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 46 Views

Govt withholds teachers' salaries over protests

by Staff reporter | 23 April 2019 | 32 Views

Advanced Level Family and Religious Studies: Parables

by Brian Maregedze | 23 April 2019 | 55 Views